Hacia una historia revisada de la teoría organizacional-activacional

Autores/as

  • Federico Nahuel Bernabé Universidad Nacional de Quilmes - Universidad Nacional Arturo Jauretche - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4273-7786

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/asclepio.2020.22

Palabras clave:

organizacional-activacional, filosofía, neuroendocrinología, conducta

Resumen


En las últimas décadas la neuroendocrinología del comportamiento ha pasado de un área marginal de la incipiente revolución neurocientífica a una disciplina bien consolidada, hasta el punto de convertirse en el abordaje estándar para las diferencias y la diferenciación sexual de la conducta. Tanto en los trabajos de historia general de la endocrinología, como en las reviews de la especialidad y las aproximaciones críticas desde el feminismo académico, se ha generado un racconto según el cual la teoría central de la neuroendocrinología, esto es, la Teoría Organizacional Activacional habría sido fundada en 1959 por W. C. Young y sus colaboradores al descubrir los efectos de la testosterona fetal sobre conejillas de indias hembra. En el presente artículo se propone una revisión de tal historia oficial, comenzando con los trabajos de Arnold Berthold, profundizando en los desarrollos endocrinos de los años veinte y treinta del siglo pasado y revisando las disputas entre Young y Beach en los años previos a la publicación del 59. Con esta revisión, se pretende mejorar el conocimiento histórico de la teoría organizacional activacional, lo cual de forma derivada puede ayudar a iluminar algunas polémicas en torno a las explicaciones biológicas de la sexualidad humana.

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Publicado

2020-11-17

Cómo citar

Nahuel Bernabé, F. . (2020). Hacia una historia revisada de la teoría organizacional-activacional. Asclepio, 72(2), p321. https://doi.org/10.3989/asclepio.2020.22

Número

Sección

Estudios

Datos de los fondos

Universidad Nacional de Quilmes
Números de la subvención PUNQ 1401/15;UNTREF 32/15 225;PICT 2014- 1741