Asclepio, Vol 66, No 1 (2014)

Los orígenes de la Sociedad de la Cruz Roja Británica y las políticas y prácticas del socorro en guerra (1870-1906)


https://doi.org/10.3989/asclepio.2014.03

Rebecca Gill
History Department, University of Huddersfield, Reino Unido

Resumen


Este artículo rastrea la historia de la British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War (NAS) y sus intervenciones en las guerras europeas y coloniales de finales del siglo XIX. La NAS se fundó con el estallido de la Guerra Franco-Prusiana en agosto de 1870. Acabó convirtiéndose en uno de los miembros fundadores más importantes de la Sociedad de la Cruz Roja Británica (BRCS) cuando se estableció en 1905. El propósito del artículo es mostrar las peculiares inquietudes y aspiraciones que contribuyeron a la fundación de la NAS. Demuestra cómo estas preocupaciones –muchas de ellas asociadas al status de los militares británicos– condicionaron sus prácticas subsiguientes y sus relaciones con el Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja. Al rastrear el surgimiento de la NAS como un cuerpo paramilitar experto en urgencias médicas de respuesta rápida, este artículo pone de manifiesto la rivalidad que caracterizó los intentos dentro de la NAS y de la BRCS por atribuirse el “verdadero espíritu” de la ayuda voluntaria en la guerra –una rivalidad que propició la insistencia británica en revisar la Convención de Ginebra en 1906.

Palabras clave


labores de Socorro; militarismo; Guerra Franco-Prusiana; Sociedad de la Cruz Roja Británica; Convención de Ginebra

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Referencias


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